The Evolution of Vascularized Polymers and Composites: Regeneration and Remodeling

Wednesday September 30, 2015 4:00 PM

The Evolution of Vascularized Polymers and Composites: Regeneration and Remodeling

Speaker: Nancy Sottos , Department of Materials Science and Engineering , University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Location: Spalding Laboratory 106 (Hartley Memorial Seminar Room)

Integration of microvascular networks in synthetic materials provides an effective vehicle for the distribution and replenishment of active fluids throughout the material, enabling of a plurality of biologically inspired functions such as self-healing, regeneration, self-sensing, self-protection and self-cooling.  Several approaches exist for fabricating complex microvascular networks in structural polymers and composites including soft lithography, laser micromachining, electrostatic discharge, and fugitive inks.  In our most recent work, sacrificial material consisting of the biopolymer poly(lactic) acid (PLA) is treated with a tin catalyst to accelerate thermal depolymerization and formed into sacrificial templates across multiple dimensions and spanning several orders of magnitude in scale: spheres (0D), fibers (1D), sheets (2D), and 3D printed. The templates are embedded in polymers and composites and removed using a thermal treatment process, vaporization of sacrificial components (VaSC), leaving behind an inverse replica.  This seminar describes the progression of microvascular materials from relatively primitive networks to heal small cracks in a polymer coatings to fully three-dimensional bio-inspired vasculature integrated in multifunctional fiber reinforced composites, to the use of vascular delivery for regeneration and remodeling of new material following catastrophic, large scale damage.

More about the speaker:

Nancy Sottos is the Donald B. Willet Professor of Engineering in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. She is also a co-chair of the Molecular and Electronic Nanostructures Research Theme at the Beckman Institute. Sottos started her career at Illinois in 1991 after earning a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Delaware. Sottos' research and teaching awards include the ONR Young Investigator Award (1992), Outstanding Engineering Advisor Award (1992, 1998, 1999 and 2002), the R.E. Miller award for Excellence in Teaching (1999), University Scholar (2002), the University of Delaware Presidential Citation for Outstanding Achievement (2002), the Hetényi Award from the Society for Experimental Mechanics (2004), Scientific American's SciAm 50 Award (2008), the M.M. Frocht and B.J. Lazan awards from the Society for Experimental Mechanics (2011), and the Daniel Drucker Eminent Faculty Award (2014). She is a Fellow of the Society of Engineering Science and the Society for Experimental Mechanics and serves on the editorial boards for Experimental Mechanics and Composites Science and Technology

Series: Materials Research Lecture Series
Contact: Michelle Aldecua at 626-395-3982 maldecua@caltech.edu
Department of Applied Physics and Materials Science